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About the Thompson House

The historic Thompson House is the oldest building in Grundy County, Missouri. Its builder, Dr. William Preston Thompson, was one of the first settlers to arrive in this area. The house is located west of Trenton in what is now Crowder State Park.

Dr. Thompson was born March 2, 1788, in Washington County, Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, a Brigadier General and the Paymaster of the army at Norfolk, Virginia, during the War of 1812. He was also a statesman who served in the Virginia Legislature and repesented that state as a member of Congress. As a young man, he studied medicine and became a physician and surgeon.

Following the death of his first wife, he remarried and moved to Kentucky before moving on to Richmond, Missouri, where he was named General of the Missouri Militia. In the fall of 1833, Dr. Thompson, along with his family and together with a number of slaves, left Richmond and followed Indian trails north along the Grand River until he reached what is now Grundy County.

The Thompson House was built during the following year. A two-story brick building, one room deep and two rooms long with a stairway located between the rooms, it must have been an impressive building in its day. Built on a limestone foundation, the woods used to finish the house were walnut, grown and cut locally. The bricks used to build the house were made from local clay deposits and were kilned in a kiln located at the back of the house.

The slave quarters were built about 200 yards northwest of the residence. The house had a crescent drive, which is no longer visible, and the road to the Thompson House was the first (some say second) road ordered built by the Livingston County Court.

After completing his house, Dr. Thompson commenced his medical practice; and, as one might guess, the good doctor was well received by the local settlers and his practice grew to encompass much of northwest Missouri and on into Southern Iowa. Dr. Thompson then went on to be a judge in Livingston County, and later, after Grundy County was formed, a judge in Grundy County.

Today the house is in a poor state of repair. It is the only structure that is still visible, save the root cellar which remains intact. Otherwise, all of the structures associated with the house have disappeared.


We are a non-profit Missouri corporaton formed to save and restore the Thompson House in Grundy County


Preserve what remains of the original house for future generations, and restore the house to appear as it did when Dr. Thompson lived there.


It’s really quite simple: We intend to acquire ownership of the Thompson House and then restore it so that visitors will be able to see what it probably looked like when General Thompson lived there. The timing and extent of restoration will be determined by the level of funding we receive.


As a membership-based, non-profit organization, our activites are primarily supported through generous individual donations of time and money. We encourage you to get involved however you can.

Every dollar you donate to the Friends goes directly to support our efforts to save the Thompson House.


Another means of helping is through your time; we need help with promotions, events, preservation, and fundraising.